Recent Talks

List of all the talks in the archive, sorted by date.


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Tuesday September 7, 2021
Dr. Jesús Vega-Ferrero
IAC

Abstract

Galaxy morphologies are one of the key diagnostics of galaxy evolutionary tracks, but visual classifications are extremely time-consuming. The sheer size of Big Data surveys, containing millions of galaxies, make this approach completely impractical. Deep Learning (DL) algorithms, where no image pre-processing is required, have already come to the rescue for image analysis of large data surveys. In this seminar, I will present the largest multi-band catalog of automated galaxy morphologies to date containing morphological classifications of ∼27 million galaxies from the Dark Energy Survey. The classification separates: (a) early-type galaxies (ETGs) from late-types (LTGs); and (b) face-on galaxies from edge-on. These classifications have been obtained using a supervised DL algorithm. Our Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are trained on a small subset of DES objects with previously known classifications, but hese typically have mr < 17.7 mag. We overcome the lack ofa training sample by modeling fainter objects up to mr < 21.5 mag, i.e., by simulating what thebrighter objects with well-determined classifications would look like if they were at higher redshifts.The CNNs reach a 97% accuracy to mr < 21.5 on their training sets, suggesting that they are ableto recover features more accurately than the human eye. We obtain secure classifications for 87%and 73% of the catalog for the ETG vs. LTG and edge-on vs. face-on models, respectively.

 


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Friday July 30, 2021
Dr. Juan Villa
IAC

Abstract

En esta charla se dará a conocer la comisión de Medioambiente y Sostenibilidad del IAC y el trabajo que se está llevando a cabo. El IAC quiere ser parte activa de las soluciones para alcanzar los objetivos que marca Europa para los futuros años. Se expondrán algunos números relacionados con nuestro gasto y consumo en el IAC que nos pueden hacer reflexionar.

 


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Friday July 23, 2021
Josefina Rosich Minguell
IAC

Abstract

En este seminario se hablará de las características del sistema de control de GTC y cuáles son los componentes que hay que desarrollar para que un instrumento esté integrado dentro de la arquitectura del GCS.

 


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Tuesday July 20, 2021
Dr. Sergey Yurchenko
University College of London

Abstract

The ExoMol project (www.exomol.com) provides comprehensive spectroscopic data (line lists) for the study of atmospheres of exoplanets and other hot bodies.  These line lists serve as input for models of radiative transport through hot atmospheres and are useful for a variety of terrestrial applications. The basic form of the database is extensive line lists; these are supplemented with partition functions, state lifetimes, cooling functions, Landé g-factors, temperature-dependent cross sections, opacities, k-coefficients and pressure broadening parameters. Currently containing 80 molecules and 190 isotopologues totaling over 700 billion transitions, the database covers infrared, visible and UV wavelengths. The field of the HR spectroscopy of exoplanets is growing extremely fast and urgently demands molecular data of high precision. Failure to detect molecules in atmospheres of exoplanets is often attributed to the lack of the underlying quality of
the line positions.  These developments have led us to begin a systematic attempt to improve the accuracy of the line positions for the line lists contained in the database. Our new ExoMolHD project aims to provide comprehensive line lists to facilitate their use in characterization of exoplanets using high resolution Doppler shift spectroscopy. Progress on this objective will be presented.


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Tuesday July 13, 2021
Dr. Thomas Schweizer
Max Planck Institut fuer Physik (Múnich)

Abstract

The MAGIC telescopes are a stereoscopic system
of two 17m mirror diameter Cherenkov telescopes for gamma-ray observations, in operation since many years on the island of
La Palma at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos.
A new installation allows us to use those telescopes as optical
intensity interferometer which enables us to measure the size of bright
objects in the range of 0.6-1.5 milli-arcsec and other physical
parameters. In this presentation the setup is explained, our physics
targets, first results and also a future outlook of this project
with respect to the Cherenkov telescope array (CTA) currently
in construction.


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Friday July 9, 2021
Dr. Sergio Cerezo, Dr. Olga Zamora
ULL
IAC

Abstract

Dentro de la Astrofísica las curvas de luz conforman una herramienta fundamental en el estudio de cuerpos celestes de brillo variable, resultando útiles para detectar tránsitos de exoplanetas, evaluar el carácter variable de determinadas estrellas, etc. Con el fin de analizar en tiempo real las curvas de luz que se pretendan obtener con el telescopio IAC80, se ha desarrollado una pipeline en Python basada en fotometría diferencial, haciendo uso del módulo Photutils.  Así, en esta charla se pretende explicar en primer lugar el funcionamiento del programa, mostrar algunos resultados obtenidos, y por último ilustrar cómo hacer uso de la pipeline.

 

Tema: Seminario de Instrumentación: lc80, la nueva pipeline en tiempo real para análisis de curvas de luz del telescopio IAC80

Hora: 9 jul. 2021 12:00 p. m. Atlantic/Canary

 

Unirse a la reunión Zoom

https://rediris.zoom.us/j/88394669340

 

https://youtu.be/VrppDSMYq2g


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Thursday July 8, 2021
Dr. Sebastián F. Sánchez
UNAM

Abstract

We summarize here some of the results reviewed recently by Sanchez (2020) and Sanchez  et al. (2021), comprising the advances in the comprehension of galaxies in the nearby universe based on integral field spectroscopic galaxy surveys. We review our current knowledge of the spatially resolved spectroscopic properties of low-redshift star-forming galaxies (and their retired counterparts) using results from the most recent optical integral field spectroscopy galaxy surveys. We briefly summarize the global spectroscopic properties of these galaxies, discussing the main ionization processes, and the global relations described by the star-formation rates, gas-phase oxygen abundances, and average properties of their stellar populations (age and metallicity) in comparison with the stellar mass. Then, we present the local distribution of the ionizing pro-cesses down to kiloparsec scales, and how the global scaling relations found using integrated parameters (like the star-formation main sequence, mass–metallicity relation, and Schmidt–Kennicutt law) have local/resolved counterparts, with the global ones being, for the most part, just integrated/average versions of the local ones.  The main conclusions of the most recent explorations are that the evolution of galaxies is mostly governed by local processes but clearly affected by global ones.


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Tuesday July 6, 2021
Prof. Norbert Langer
University of Bonn

Abstract

Massive stars are generally fast rotators, however, with significant dispersion. We discuss the hypothesis that all OB stars are all born with very similar spins, with slower and faster rotators being produced by close binary evolution. We review supporting evidence from recent observations of young and rich star clusters, from OB star surveys, and from dense grids of detailed binary evolution models. We connect the OB star spins with the likelihood of evolved/compact binary companions, and with the variety of the explosive end states of massive stars.

 

Youtube: https://youtu.be/yJHMQFmLsGE


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Friday July 2, 2021
Miguel Ángel Cagigas García
IAC

Abstract

En esta charla se pretende realizar un resumen del análisis de stray light que se está realizando en el instrumento Harmoni, tanto a nivel de sistema como de subsistema, analizando las ventajas e inconvenientes de la estrategia utilizada.

 

Tema: Seminario de Instrumentación: Análisis de stray light en instrumentación astrofísica

Hora: 2 jul. 2021 12:00 p. m. Atlantic/Canary

 

https://youtu.be/GRrUM_A1sGs


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Thursday July 1, 2021
Dr. Nicola Caon
IAC

Abstract

This talk will present an overview of what Latex is, discuss when to  use it and when not, show installing and editing options, introduce classes and packages, and give some usage recommendations and troubleshooting tips.



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