Recent Talks

List of all the talks in the archive, sorted by date.

Thursday February 17, 2022
Dr. Else Starkenburg
Kayptern institute


The lowest metallicity stars that still exist today represent a window into the early Universe. Studying these stars gives us a local avenue to guide our understanding of star formation and supernova feedback in the early Universe, the early build-up of galaxies like our Milky Way, and the epoch of reionization. In this talk I will present recent results of the Pristine survey, a narrow-band photometric survey of the Milky Way designed to get metallicity information for millions of stars very efficiently. I will discuss what we have learned from our analysis of the most metal-poor stars about the early formation of the Milky Way. Moreover, I will highlight the bright future for this type of study in synergy with the upcoming highly-multiplexed spectroscopic surveys.

Friday February 11, 2022
Dr. Álex Oscoz Abad


El IAC puso en marcha hace cinco años una iniciativa pionera para impulsar y promover la transferencia de tecnología a la industria espacial, IACTEC-Espacio, dedicada al diseño e integración de cargas útiles para pequeños satélites y al desarrollo de algoritmos para extraer información de imágenes de observación de la Tierra.

En enero de 2021 se lanzó con éxito nuestro primer instrumento, DRAGO, una cámara para observar la Tierra en dos bandas en infrarrojo de onda corta (SWIR). Además un diseño compacto, DRAGO incorpora una tecnología innovadora: un sensor InGaAs sin refrigeración. Tras un año de funcionamiento, DRAGO ha demostrado su utilidad en muchas de las aplicaciones para las que fue diseñado, como el control de la humedad o la detección y seguimiento de focos e incendios.

El próximo hito será ALISIO I, el primer satélite canario con una versión de mayor resolución de DRAGO, que se lanzará en el primer trimestre de 2023. El equipo también está trabajando en dos proyectos con un nivel de complejidad aún mayor: IACSAT-1-TAJINASTE, el primer observatorio espacial astronómico del IAC, y VINIS, una cámara de observación de la Tierra con resolución inferior a 10 m y capacidad de observación simultánea en los rangos visible y SWIR.

Thursday February 10, 2022
Dr. Marcos Pellejero


A key problem that we are facing in cosmology nowadays is that we cannot make accurate predictions with our current theoretical models. We have all of the pieces of the standard model but it doesn't have an analytical solution. The only way to have accurate predictions is to run a cosmological simulation. Then, why not use these simulations as the theory model? Well, for one main reason, if we want to explore the full parameter space comprised in the standard model, we need thousands of such simulations, and they are terribly computationally expensive. We wouldn't be able to do it in years! In this talk, I will tell you how in the last few years we have come up with a way to circumvent this problem.

Friday February 4, 2022
Dr. José Javier Díaz García


El IAC está incorporando una nueva actividad en el marco del laboratorio LISA, cuyo objetivo es la familiarización con los detectores MKIDs. Para ello se está montando la infraestructura requerida. Se comentará los fundamentos del funcionamiento de los MKIDs, las características de esta infraestructura, y las actividades transversales previstas para ésta.

Thursday February 3, 2022
Dr. Lluis Galbany


The expansion rate of the Universe parameterized by the Hubble-Lemaître parameter H(z), has been a major endeavor in cosmology since the discovery of the expanding Universe. In the last years, significant effort has been put forth to measure with high precision the local value of the Hubble-Lemaître parameter known as the Hubble constant (H0), and today H0 is estimated from the distance ladder with an uncertainty of <3% . Perplexingly, these findings have revealed a dramatic discrepancy dubbed "the Hubble tension": the estimation of H0 from the local distance ladder is in strong disagreement (at 4.4σ or 99.99% level) with the value inferred at high-redshift from the angular scale of fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background (CMB), possibly hinting towards new physics beyond the standard model. This discrepancy represents the most urgent puzzle of modern cosmology, and it is nowadays one of its hottest topics. The HOSTFLOWS project aims to advance towards solving of this tension by (i) performing an unprecedented study of the local environments of nearby standard candles to address the leading systematic uncertainties in the measurement of H0, and (ii) reconstructing the panorama of our supercluster Laniakea by studying cosmic flows using type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) in the near-infrared (NIR). In this talk, I will introduce the topic and summarize the current and future efforts HOTFLOWS is doing in this regard.

Zoom link:

Meeting ID: 818 6382 3691

Passcode: 223140

Youtube link:

Tuesday February 1, 2022
Zahra Sharbaf, Sepideh Eskandarlou


Did you ever want to re-run your project from the beginning, but run into trouble because you forgot one step? Do you want to run just one part of your project and ignore the rest? Do you want to run it in parallel with many different inputs using all the cores of your computer? Do you want to design a modular project, with re-usable parts, avoiding long files hard to debug?

Make is a well-tested solution to all these problems. It is independent of the programming language you use. Instead of having a long code hard to debug, you can connect its components making a chain. Make will allow you to automate your project and retain control of how its parts are integrated. This SMACK seminar will give an overview of this powerful tool.

Gitlab link:

Friday January 28, 2022
Dr. Manuel Collados


EST es un proyecto para construir un telescopio solar de clase cuatro metros dedicado a la observación del sol con alta resolución y alta precisión polarimétrica desde los Observatorios de Canarias. Con él se pretende aunar y mejorar las prestaciones de los telescopios de clase un metro que están operativos en la actualidad. En esta charla, veremos las diferentes fases por las que ha ido pasando el proyecto, su situación actual y las perspectivas de futuro.

Thursday January 27, 2022
Prof. Axel Brandenburg
Nordita (Sweden)


Following Cowling's anti-dynamo theorem of 1933, there was a long period during which the very existence of dynamos was unclear. Even with the emergence of three dimensional simulations in the late 1980s, people were careful to distinguish true dynamos from just some sort of amplification. Meanwhile, we know of many examples of true dynamos - not only from simulations, but also from several laboratory experiments. Nevertheless, there are still problems, fundamental ones and also very practical ones. After all, we are really not sure how the solar dynamo works. Today, global three-dimensional simulations seem to have an easier time to reproduce the behaviors of superactive stars, but not really the group of inactive stars, to which also the Sun belongs. The Sun itself may actually be special; it has so well defined cycles and it is at the brink of becoming very different. Theoretically, slightly slower rotators should have antisolar rotation, but it is possible that some of those stars never become that slow if stellar breaking ceases for some reason. Sun and starspots are very evident indicators of solar and stellar activity. Their formation is also not well understood. Polarimetry reveals their magnetic helicity, which can be detected even with the solar wind.

Tuesday January 25, 2022
Drs. Sarah Martell
Australian National University


The field of Galactic archaeology has been very active in recent years, with a major influx of data from the Gaia satellite and large spectroscopic surveys. The major science questions in the field include Galactic structure and dynamics, the accretion history of the Milky Way, chemical tagging, and age-abundance relations. I will give an overview of GALAH as a large spectroscopic survey, and describe how it is complementary to other ongoing and future survey projects. I will also discuss recent science highlights from the GALAH team and compelling questions for future work.

Friday January 21, 2022
Silvia Regalado Olivares


El Proyecto de SOLARNET se encarga del desarrollo de Unidades de Campo Integral (IFU) basadas en rebanadores de imagen para observaciones solares. El objetivo es alcanzar los requerimientos de EST en cuanto a resolución espacial y Field of View (FoV). La primera IFU desarrollada con un rebanador de imagen de 100 μm de ancho demostró la viabilidad de esta tecnología para espectropolarimetría solar. Ahora, para alcanzar el objetivo es necesario aumentar la resolución espacial y el FoV. Por ello, se han desarrollado dos nuevas IFUs que permitirán validar estos objetivos. Una está basada en tecnología de vidrio (igual que el actual) y el otro en tecnología metálica. Ambas alternativas tienen sus ventajas e inconvenientes y está todavía por confirmar si pueden cumplir los requisitos de EST, en términos de calidad de imagen. En esta charla nos pondremos al día del estado del proyecto y se presentará la última IFU con un rebanador de 35 μm que actualmente está siendo desarrollada.