XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School 2016

Winter School focused on Solar System Exploration organized by the IAC, on 7th to 16th November 2016.

Lebonnois1_161107s
Monday November 7, 2016
Dr. Sebastien Lebonnois
Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique, France

Abstract

Series: XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics: Solar System Exploration

Topic: Planetary Atmospheres.

Lecture 1: Overview of planetary atmospheres in the Solar System. 

In this lecture Dr. Lebonnois talks about the large diversity of objects that populate our Solar System, gives an overview on the different types of atmospheres that can be found, as well as the atmospheric structures, and ends with an update on the current exploration of planetary atmospheres. 


Stansberry1_161107s
Monday November 7, 2016
Dr. John Stansberry
Space Telescope Science Institute, USA

Abstract

Series: XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics: Solar System Exploration

Topic: Exploring the Outer Solar System

Lecture 1: TNOs: a brief history, dynamical structure, and characteristics of its inhabitants

This first talk is devoted to provide an overview of the current state of the population of minor bodies beyond the orbit of Neptune. A review of the discovery history is given, as well as a description of the physical, compositionsl, and dynamical properties of trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs), Pluto, and the Kuiper belt in general.


Muinonen1_161107s
Monday November 7, 2016
Dr. Karri Muinonen
University of Helsinki, Finland

Abstract

Series: XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics: Solar System Exploration

Topic: Physical Properties of Asteroid Surfaces

Lecture 1: Introduction to asteroid UV-VIS-NIR spectrometry

In this first talk, Dr. Muinonen gives an introduction to polarimetry, photometry, and spectropolarimetry techniques and their application to the study of asteroid surfaces. The talk includes a description of the Shkuratov radiative transfer model and the use of Monte Carlo simulations to model radiative transfer for meteorite spectra. 


Cardesin1_161107s
Monday November 7, 2016
Dr. Alejandro Cardesín
European Space Astronomy Centre, Spain

Abstract

Series: XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics: Solar System Exploration

Topic: Exploration of the Solar System by the European Space Agency

Lecture 1: Overview of ESA Solar System Missions 

Dr. Cardesin introduces in this talk the European Space Agency, describing the agency's structure, budget, and activites. Particular atention is paid to the ESA Science Program and to the role of ESAC (Madrid), with a description of all past, present, and future space missions in which the ESA has been/is/will be involved related to Solar System exploration.


Kuppers1_161107s
Monday November 7, 2016
Dr. Michael Küppers
European Space Astronomy Centre, Spain

Abstract

Series: XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics: Solar System Exploration

Topic: Cometary Science and the Rosetta Mission.

Lecture 1: Comets and the Rosetta mission. 

Dr. Küppers gives a general overview on comets in the context of the formation of the Solar System, describing their physical, dynamical, and compositional properties. The speaker describes cometary missions that have been sent before the Rosetta mission and lists some of the most important cometary science questions that are still unsolved or under debated.


Lebonnois2_161108s
Tuesday November 8, 2016
Dr. Sebastien Lebonnois
Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique, France

Abstract

Series: XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics: Solar System Exploration

Topic: Planetary Atmospheres.

Lecture 2: Radiative transfer, composition, and clouds. 

In his second lecture Dr. Lebonnois talks about the processes that take place in the atmosphere of the planets, explaining the energy balance between the different layers, and the interaction with the surface. The generation of spectral lines and bands, the creation of clouds, and the characteristics of temperature profiles are also described with detail. 


Muinonen2_161108s
Tuesday November 8, 2016
Dr. Karri Muinonen
University of Helsinki, Finland

Abstract

Series: XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics: Solar System Exploration

Topic: Physical Properties of Asteroid Surfaces

Lecture 2: Novel spectrometric modeling

In his second talk, Dr. Muinonen focuses on multiple scattering, describing in detail processes such as the radiative transfer and coherent backscattering (RT-CB), particular cases with incoherent fields, and radiative transfer with reciprocal transactions (R2T2). He also presents very preliminar and recent results obtained by his team at the University of Finland on incoherent backscattering experimetns on millions of spherical particles. In this talk he also revisits space weathering in the context of radiative transfer theory and presents some experiments carried out with olivine.  


Kuppers2_161108s
Tuesday November 8, 2016
Dr. Michael Küppers
European Space Astronomy Centre, Spain

Abstract

Series: XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics: Solar System Exploration

Topic: Cometary Science and the Rosetta Mission.

Lecture 2: Rosetta, a voyage to a comet and to our origins.

In this second talk, Dr. Küppers gives an overview of the Rosetta mission, from its launch in 2004 until the end of the mission, in September 2016, only a month before the celebration of this Winter School. The talk includes information on the instruments on-board the spacecraft, the two fly-byes to asteroids Steins and Lutetia, and the results obtained from the observations of comet 67P/C-G. 


Cardesin2_161108s
Tuesday November 8, 2016
Dr. Alejandro Cardesín
European Space Astronomy Centre, Spain

Abstract

Series: XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics: Solar System Exploration

Topic: Exploration of the Solar System by the European Space Agency

Lecture 2: European exploration of Mars

In this second talk Dr. Cardesín reviews the ESA program for Mars exploration, describing the Mars Express mission and its scientific goals, as well as the ExoMars mission and its current status. 


Crida1_161110s
Thursday November 10, 2016
Dr. Aurélien Crida
Université Nice Sophia Antipolis; Université de la Côte d'Azur, France

Abstract

Series: XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics: Solar System Exploration

Topic: Origin and Early Evolution of the Solar System

Lecture 1: Our Understanding of the Solar System through Ages.

This is the first lecture of Dr. Crida, where he gives a historic overview on the improvement of our knowledge on the planets and satellites. He also provides some basic concepts related to celestial mechanics in order to properly follow the rest of his lectures.  


Stansberry2_161110s
Thursday November 10, 2016
Dr. John Stansberry
Space Telescope Science Institute, USA

Abstract

Series: XXVIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics: Solar System Exploration Topic: Exploring the Outer Solar System

Lecture 2: James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) - Characterizing the outer Solar System

In this second lecture, Dr. Stansberry focus in the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). The speaker gives a detailed description of the characteristis and capabilities of the telescope, as well as the science case for the observations of Solar System objects using the JWST.