Found 16 talks width keyword particle physics

Alicia_Lopez_Oramas_170627s
Tuesday June 27, 2017
Dr. Alicia López Oramas
Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias

Abstract

The improvement on the Imaging Air Cherenkov Technique led to the discovery of a new class of compact binaries: the gamma-ray binaries. This small class consist  of only five members, all of them composed by a massive star and a compact object. The nature of the compact object is unknown for all of them but PSR B1259-63, which contains a pulsar. It is crucial to study and monitor these systems not only to understand their behavior, the scenario accounting for the gamma-ray emission and their nature but also to comprehend why we have not detected more sources of this exclusive family. In this presentation, I will review the state-of-the-art of this field and I will present the observations performed with the MAGIC telescopes in order to unveil the nature of gamma-ray binaries.


Elena_Moretti_170224s
Friday February 24, 2017
Dr. Elena Moretti
Max-Planck-Institut für Physik

Abstract

Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) are among the most energetic transient phenomena frequently followed up by different observatories and yet several fundamental questions are still open. Fermi and MAGIC are continuing their observations of GRBs since several years, giving highest priorities to the most interesting events. This effort led to remarkable discoveries in the High Energy regime, showing potential for even more meaningful achievements in the Very High Energy (VHE) regime. Enhanced follow up strategies of MAGIC and soon to come CTA Large Size Telescopes (LST) observations create unique opportunities for the detection of GRBs at VHE. In this talk I will give an overview of the high energy GRB properties as seen by Fermi and show the potential for the first VHE detection with MAGIC and CTA LSTs.


marina_manganaro_161117s
Thursday November 17, 2016
Dr. Marina Manganaro
IAC

Abstract

The Major Atmospheric Gamma-ray Imaging Cherenkov (MAGIC) telescopes reported the discovery of the most distant gamma-ray source ever observed at very high energies, thanks to the “replay” of an enormous flare by a galactic gravitational lens as foreseen by Einstein’s General Relativity. QSO B0218+357 is a gravitationally lensed blazar located at a redshift of 0.944. The gravitational lensing splits the emitted radiation into two components separated by a 10–12 day delay. In July 2014, QSO B0218+357 experienced a violent flare observed by the Fermi-LAT and followed by the MAGIC telescopes. The spectral energy distribution of QSO B0218+357 can give information on the energetics of z ~ 1 very high energy gamma-ray sources. Moreover the gamma-ray emission can also be used as a probe of the extragalactic background light at z ~ 1. MAGIC performed observations of QSO B0218+357 during the expected arrival time of the delayed component of the emission. The MAGIC and Fermi-LAT observations were accompanied by quasi-simultaneous optical data from the KVA telescope and X-ray observations by Swift-XRT. We construct a multiwavelength spectral energy distribution of QSO B0218+357 and use it to model the source. The GeV and sub-TeV data obtained by Fermi-LAT and MAGIC are used to set constraints on the extragalactic background light. Very high energy gamma-ray emission was detected from the direction of QSO B0218+357 by the MAGIC telescopes during the expected time of arrival of the trailing component of the flare, making it the farthest very high energy gamma-ray source detected to date. The combined MAGIC and Fermi-LAT spectral energy distribution of QSO B0218+357 is consistent with current extragalactic background light models. The broadband emission can be modeled in the framework of a two-zone external Compton scenario, where the GeV emission comes from an emission region in the jet, located outside the broad line region.

Work published in A&A 595, A98 (2016) ( http://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/abs/2016/11/aa29461-16/aa29461-16.html)

https://magic.mpp.mpg.de/outsiders/results/magic-highlights-5/

http://www.iac.es/divulgacion.php?op1=16&id=1133


alexander_unzicker_121030s
Tuesday October 30, 2012
Dr. Alexander Unzicker
Pestalozzi-Gymnasium, Munich, Germany

Abstract

The concordance model of cosmology with its constituents dark matter and dark Energy is an established description of some anomalous observations. However, a series of additional contradictions indicate that the current view is far from satisfactory. Rather than describing observations with new numbers, it is argued that science should reflect its method, considering the fact that real progress was usually achieved by simplification. History, not only with the example of the epicycles, has shown many times that creating new ad-hoc concepts dominated over putting in doubt what had been established earlier. Also critical astrophysicists often believe that lab-tested particle physics has reliable evidence for its model. It is argued instead that the very same sociological and psychological mechanisms have been at work and brought particle physics in a still more deperate situation long ago. As an example, a couple of absurdities of the recent Higgs boson announcements are outlined. It seems inevitable that physics needs a new culture of data evaluation, raw data and source code must become equally transparent and openly accessible.


seigo_miyamoto_valeri_tioukov_121022s
Monday October 22, 2012
Dr. Seigo Miyamoto, Dr. Valeri Tioukov
ERI, University of Tokyo, Japan
INFN, Napoli, Italy

Abstract

The origin and structure of the Earth's crust is still a major question. Current measurements of the nearby crust are based largely on seismic, gravimetric and electrical  techniques. In this talk, we introduce a novel method based on cosmic-ray muons to create a direct snapshot of the density profile within a volcano (and/or other geological features).  By measuring the muon
absorption along the different paths through an object (volcano, mountain, a fault, ...), one can deduce the density profile within the object. The major feature of this
technique makes possible for us to perform a tomographic measurement by placing two or more cosmic ray detection
systems around the object. Another strong point of this technique is the possibility to carry out fulltime monitoring, since  muons are incessantly arriving, recalling they are
the most numerous energetic charged particles at sea level.


manuel_aguilar_110407s
Thursday April 7, 2011
Dr. Manuel Aguilar Benítez de Lugo
CIEMAT, CERN

Abstract

El estudio de la radiación cósmica ha sido la herramienta fundamental para avanzar en el conocimiento del Universo. La instrumentación experimental ha sido muy variada utilizándose para su ubicación laboratorios convencionales, globos sonda, satélites y plataformas espaciales. Está previsto que en 2011 la Estación Espacial Internacional esté totalmente operativa y disponible para la realización de medidas precisas y de larga duración de las componentes electromagnética y cargada de la radiación cósmica en ausencia de contaminación atmosférica. Una colaboración internacional ha construido un detector de física de partículas elementales, el espectrómetro AMS−02, para la realización de este tipo de medidas, algunas de las cuales tienen extraordinario interés en Astrofísica de Partículas, una disciplina científica fronteriza entre la Física de Partículas Elementales, la Astrofísica de Altas Energías y la Cosmología. En la planificación de la NASA este instrumento será enviado a la Estación Espacial en el año 2011. En esta conferencia se describirá la Estación Espacial Internacional (ISS) y el programa científico de AMS−02, en particular la búsqueda de antimateria cósmica primaria y la posible observación de señales de materia oscura.


antonio_dobado_110224s
Thursday February 24, 2011
Prof. Antonio Dobado
Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain

Abstract

According to Quantum Chromodynamics, which is the well established theory of strong interactions, quark and gluons are forced to live inside hadrons because of the property of confinement. However, under extreme conditions of temperature and pressure, a new phase called quark-gluon plasma is possible, where quarks and gluons became basically free. In the last years it has been possible to study this phase experimentally by using new facilities called Heavy Ion Colliders like the RHIC (Brookhaven) or the LHC (CERN).


karsten_berger_101214s
Tuesday December 14, 2010
Dr. Karsten Berger
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Spain

Abstract

This seminar talk will give a short overview of the current status of the field of Astroparticle Physics. The subject includes a great variety of instruments working in different energy ranges (from a few MeV to 1020 eV) and studying different particles (neutrinos, protons, gamma-rays and more). Finally, a short discussion regarding the connection between the observations and the physics at the Large Hadron Collider will be discussed.

frank_close_101125s
Thursday November 25, 2010
Prof. Frank Close
University of Oxford, UK

Abstract

Rutherford discovered the atomic nucleus in 1912 in an experiment on a table top. The LHC will be producing its first major results by 2012, involving teams of thousands and apparatus that is bigger than Rutherford's entire laboratory. How did science come to this, and what are the questions the LHC hopes to answer? What is Higgs' boson, and is it really Higgs that invented it? I will explore the role of symmetry and asymmetry in physics, and illustrate how the ideas that have been associated with Higgs' name have a long history.

karsten_berger_101123s
Tuesday November 23, 2010
Dr. Karsten Berger
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Spain

Abstract

This seminar talk will give a short overview of the current status of the field of Astroparticle Physics. The subject includes a great variety of instruments working in different energy ranges (from a few MeV to 1020 eV) and studying different particles (neutrinos, protons, gamma-rays and more). Finally, a short discussion regarding the connection between the observations and the physics at the Large Hadron Collider will be discussed.

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