Found 219 talks archived in Galaxies

Wednesday March 30, 2016
Dr. Ignacio Trujillo
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias


Current state-of-the-art imaging surveys deliver images with limiting surface brightness of 26.5 mag/arcsec^2. This depth is around 100 times fainter than the brightness of the sky in professional observatories. This view of the Universe is the basis of most of our visual understanding of the closest (galactic and extragalactic) objects. However, going deeper is absolutely mandatory if we want to understand a plethora of astrophysical phenomena that manifest themselves at lower surface brightness limits. To understand from the smallest scales of our local Galactic cirrus to the huge extensions of the intra-cluster light of massive galaxy clusters I will present in this talk two important steps forward conducted here at the IAC.  The first one is The IAC Stripe82 Legacy Project: a public survey for the astronomical community which includes 275 square degrees in 5 optical bands reaching 28.5 mag/arcsec^2 depth. The second one is the deepest ever imaging of the nearby Universe: 8h of GTC time on the near UGC00180 galaxy reaching a limiting surface brightness of 31.5 mag/arcsec^2 (100 times deeper than traditional surveys). A large amount of unexpected discoveries emerge in these unprecedented set of images.

Thursday February 18, 2016
Dr. Evanthia Hatziminaoglou


 Nuclear activity and intense star formation are two phenomena known to co-exist in a variety of galaxies, spanning several orders of magnitude in luminosity. I will present a compilation of results derived from studies of type 1 and type 2 AGN, using Spitzer and Herschel data that aim at quantifying the effects of the two phenomena in the mid- and far-infrared. I will address the incidence of
star formation in AGN using various mid- and far-infrared indicators, describe diagnostics, and discuss the effects of AGN on the properties of their hosts.

Thursday December 3, 2015
Dr. Francesco La Barbera


Understanding the stellar initial mass function (IMF) is a key aspect to obtain a complete picture of galaxy formation and evolution. In the past years, we have carried out a systematic census of the IMF in the unresolved stellar populations of (massive) early-type galaxies (ETGs), using optical and NIR spectroscopy from different surveys (e.g.  SDSS, CALIFA) and dedicated observing programmes (OSIRIS@GTC, XSHOOTER@VLT).  I will present results on a non-universal IMF in ETGs - pointing to an excess of low-mass stars in high-, relative to low-, mass galaxies - and current constraints on the physical driver behind the IMF variations.

Thursday October 15, 2015
Dr. Jorge Sanchez Almeida


Models of galaxy formation predict that gas accretion from the cosmic web is a primary driver of star formation over cosmic history. Except in very dense environments where galaxy mergers are also important, model galaxies feed from cold streams of gas from the web that penetrate their dark matter haloes. Although these predictions are unambiguous, the observational support has been indirect so far. I will report spectroscopic evidence for this process in extremely metal-poor galaxies (XMPs) of the local Universe, taking the form of localized starbursts associated with gas having low metallicity. Because gas mixes azimuthally in a rotation timescale (a few hundred Myr),  the observed metallicity inhomogeneities are only possible if the metal-poor gas producing stars fell onto the disk recently. I will analyze several possibilities for the origin of the metal-poor gas, favoring the metal-poor gas infall predicted by numerical models. In addition, I will show model galaxies in cosmological numerical simulations with starbursts of low metallicity like to the star-forming regions in XMPs.

Thursday October 8, 2015
Prof. Joop Schaye
Univ. of Leiden


The realism of hydrodynamical simulations of the formation and evolution of galaxies has improved considerably in recent years. I will try to give some insight into the reasons behind this success, focusing in particular on the importance of subgrid models and the associated limitations. I will also present recent results from the cosmological EAGLE simulations as well as from higher-resolution simulations of individual galaxies.

Thursday October 1, 2015
Prof. Evan Skillman
Univ. of Minnesota


The epoch of reionization has been predicted to leave an imprint on the star formation histories of dwarf galaxies. I will briefly review theoretical ideas and observational constraints on reionization. I will then discuss the predicted effects on the evolution of dwarf galaxies.
This will be followed by a discussion of tests using star formation histories of nearby dwarf galaxies.

Tuesday September 29, 2015
Dr. Roger Hoyland


The World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) on May 31st 2011 classified mobile phone use and other radio-frequency electromagnetic fields as a possible carcinogen (group 2B). This is neither new research nor at odds with previous findings. It does, however, underline the need for further research and precautionary measures to be taken now.
In continuation with the microwave theme the tone is set for a more serious talk about the everyday use of microwave devices and in particular mobile phones. The information that Roger will pass on about the dangers of microwave devices (in a semi-digested state) is important for everyone and will probably be cause for much debate.
There are many opinions filling the internet on this subject. It really is difficult to get a fact based opinion. Either you believe that microwaves are so dangerous we should not be using them at all or you can be led to believe that there is No risk at all.
In this talk Dr Roger Hoyland will present the facts and helpful information that he has found from the most up-to-date research results. He will attempt to give a more rational view of this hot topic!

Thursday September 17, 2015
Dr. Dimitri Gadotti


In this talk I will present my view on what we know and what we don't know about the so-called secular evolution processes in galaxies. I will focus on the processes that lead to the building of main stellar components in the centre of disc galaxies, and explore how these processes fit in the current cosmological paradigm of galaxy formation and evolution. I will also make an attempt at clarifying misconceptions and discussing outstanding open questions.

Wednesday July 8, 2015
Dr. Sergio Colafrancesco
University of Witwatersrand


The presence of Dark Matter (DM) is required in the universe regulated by the standard general relativistic theory of gravitation. The nature of DM is however still elusive to any experimental search. We discuss here the process of accumulation of evidence for the presence of DM in the universe, the astrophysical constraints for the leading DM scenarios that can be obtained through a multi-frequency analysis of cosmic structures on large scales, and a new strategy related to the search for the nature of the DM with the Square Kilometer Array (SKA).

Monday June 29, 2015
Dr. Nathalie Ouellette
Queen's University


Major tests of cosmological and galaxy formation models can be constructed through dynamical and structural parameters of galaxies. Towards this end, we present the SHIVir (Spectroscopic and H-band Imaging of Virgo cluster galaxies) survey, which provides dynamical information and stellar population diagnostics for hundreds of galaxies. We construct scaling relations and dynamical profiles within the optical radius of most galaxies, paying close attention to the baryon-to-dark matter transition region and selected metrics which reduce scatter in fundamental scaling relations. Salient results include bimodal mass and surface brightness distributions for Virgo galaxies, a possible bifurcation in the stellar-to-halo mass relation for low-mass galaxies, and the need for deep velocity dispersions to extract meaningful science. Once complete, ours should be the most extensive mass catalogue ever assembled for a galaxy cluster.

Upcoming talks

More upcoming talks

Recent Colloquia

Recent Talks